Zonal centrifuge profiles of rat brain homogenates: Instability in sucrose, stability in iso-osmotic Ficoll-sucrose

Eugene D. Day, Paul N. McMillan, Don D. Mickey, Stanley H. Appel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

By substituting iso-osmotic Ficoll-sucrose for hyperosmotic sucrose between the densities of 1.043 and 1.088 in sucrose density gradients in the B-XV rotor of an Anderson-NIH-AEC zonal centrifuge system, it was possible to stabilize the zonal centrifuge absorbancy profiles of adult rat brain homogenates. The reason for the instability in ordinary sucrose gradients was found to be the interaction of myelin with other brain structures in hyperosmotic sucrose. No such interaction occurred in isoosmotic sucrose (0.32 M) with or without Ficoll. In Ficoll-sucrose, myelin was separated at three reproducible densities of 1.054, 1.060, and 1.066 gm/ml. No myelin appeared at a density if 1.094 gm/ml, which represented the main collection point in ordinary sucrose. Synaptosomes were separated at peak densities of 1.072 and 1.152 gm/ml. Mitochondria were obtained at a density of 1.176 gm/ml. Areas under zonal centrifuge absorbancy profiles of rat brain homogenates were found to be constant regardless of the values of ω2t that were reached.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-45
Number of pages17
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1971

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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