X-Ray-Controlled Generation of Peroxynitrite Based on Nanosized LiLuF4:Ce3+ Scintillators and their Applications for Radiosensitization

Zhen Du, Xiao Zhang, Zhao Guo, Jiani Xie, Xinghua Dong, Shuang Zhu, Jiangfeng Du, Zhanjun Gu, Yuliang Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

131 Scopus citations


Peroxynitrite (ONOO), the reaction product derived from nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O2 −•), is a potent oxidizing and nitrating agent that modulates complex biological processes and promotes cell death. Therefore, it can be expected that the overproduction of ONOO in tumors can be an efficient approach in cancer therapy. Herein, a multifunctional X-ray-controlled ONOO generation platform based on scintillating nanoparticles (SCNPs) and UV-responsive NO donors Roussin's black salt is reported, and consequently the mechanism of their application in enhanced therapeutic efficacy of radiotherapy is illustrated. Attributed to the radioluminescence and high X-ray-absorbing property of SCNPs, the nanocomposite can produce NO and O2 −• simultaneously when excited by X-ray irradiation. Such simultaneous release of NO and O2 −• ensures the efficient X-ray-controlled generation of ONOO in tumors. Meanwhile, the application of X-rays as the excitation source can achieve better penetration depth and induce radiotherapy in this nanotherapeutic platform. It is found that the X-ray-controlled ONOO-generation platform can efficiently improve the radiotherapy efficiency via directly damaging DNA, downregulating the expression of the DNA-repair enzyme, and overcoming the hypoxia-associated resistance in radiotherapy. Therefore, this SCNP-based platform may provide a new combinatorial strategy of ONOO and radiotherapy to improve cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1804046
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number43
StatePublished - Oct 25 2018


  • DNA-repair enzymes
  • nitric oxide
  • peroxynitrite
  • radiosensitization
  • scintillators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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