Wrinkling instabilities for biologically relevant fiber-reinforced composite materials with a case study of Neo-Hookean/Ogden–Gasser–Holzapfel bilayer

Nhung Nguyen, Nandan Nath, Luca Deseri, Edith Tzeng, Sachin S. Velankar, Luka Pocivavsek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wrinkling is a ubiquitous surface phenomenon in many biological tissues and is believed to play an important role in arterial health. As arteries are highly nonlinear, anisotropic, multilayered composite systems, it is necessary to investigate wrinkling incorporating these material characteristics. Several studies have examined surface wrinkling mechanisms with nonlinear isotropic material relationships. Nevertheless, wrinkling associated with anisotropic constitutive models such as Ogden–Gasser–Holzapfel (OGH), which is suitable for soft biological tissues, and in particular arteries, still requires investigation. Here, the effects of OGH parameters such as fibers’ orientation, stiffness, and dispersion on the onset of wrinkling, wrinkle wavelength and amplitude are elucidated through analysis of a bilayer system composed of a thin, stiff neo-Hookean membrane and a soft OGH substrate subjected to compression. Critical contractile strain at which wrinkles occur is predicted using both finite element analysis and analytical linear perturbation approach. Results suggest that besides stiffness mismatch, anisotropic features associated with fiber stiffness and distribution might be used in natural layered systems to adjust wrinkling and subsequent folding behaviors. Further analysis of a bilayer system with fibers in the (x–y) plane subjected to compression in the x direction shows a complex dependence of wrinkling strain and wavelength on fiber angle, stiffness, and dispersion. This behavior is captured by an approximation utilizing the linearized anisotropic properties derived from OGH model. Such understanding of wrinkling in this artery wall-like system will help identify the role of wrinkling mechanisms in biological artery in addition to the design of its synthetic counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2375-2395
Number of pages21
JournalBiomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • Anisotropy
  • Artery
  • Layered systems
  • Ogden–Gasser–Holzapfel (OGH)
  • Surface wrinkling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mechanical Engineering

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