Wound microenvironment sequesters adipose-derived stem cells in a murine model of reconstructive surgery in the setting of concurrent distant malignancy

Andrew M. Altman, Lukas Prantl, Fabian L. Muehlberg, Yao Hua Song, Max Seidensticker, Charles E. Butler, Eckhard U. Alt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: It is unclear whether mesenchymal stem cells that are applied to regenerate wound tissues can migrate to existing tumors and enhance their growth. The authors investigated whether adipose-derived stem cells had any effect on the growth and progression of distant tumors when applied to a skin wound. Methods: The authors subcutaneously injected murine 4T1 breast cancer cells into all BALB/c-nu/nu mice. After tumor injection, mice were randomized to five groups (five mice per group) based on the means of co-introduction of green fluorescent protein-labeled adipose-derived stem cells, if any. In group 1, adipose-derived stem cells were combined and co-injected subcutaneously. In group 2, they were injected subcutaneously at a distant anatomical site. In group 3, they were injected intravenously. In group 4, they were delivered via a human acellular dermal matrix to a distant skin wound. In group 5, no adipose-derived stem cells were introduced. Results: After 2 weeks, tumor volume increased in group 1 (356.5 ± 44.4 mm), followed by group 3 (256.6 ± 47.1 mm) and then group 2 (201.6 ± 28.6 mm). In group 4, in which adipose-derived stem cells carried on acellular dermal matrix were applied to a wound distant to the primary tumor, the tumor volume was 143.8 ± 50.9 mm, which was similar to that observed in the control group (group 5; 167.8 ± 29.9 mm). Conclusions: The authors' findings suggest that the wound microenvironment can retain adipose-derived stem cells, preventing their homing and stromal contribution to a distant neoplastic focus. These findings are an important first step in establishing the feasibility and safety of utilizing adipose-derived stem cell therapy for reconstructive surgery in the setting of malignancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1467-1477
Number of pages11
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume127
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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