Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance in above average and superior school children: Relationship to intelligence and age

Sharon Arffa, Mark Lovell, Kenneth Podell, Elkhonon Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study explores the relationship of intelligence and age to scores on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, a measure of executive function. A sample of 26 normal children with Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III (WISC-III) Full-Scale IQS above 130 and 24 normal children with WISC-III Full-Scale IQS between 110 and 129 were administered the test. A comparison to published norms revealed that above average children outperformed the average 9-to 14-year-old child on every measure at every age. Multiple regression analyses statistically related the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, perseverative, nonperseverative, total errors, and trials to the first category of intelligence. Intelligence proved to be a significant qualifier of age trends. Gender relationships were nonsignificant in a preliminary analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-720
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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