In the United States, diabetic macular edema (DME) is the leading cause of vision loss among people with diabetic retinopathy. Despite the availability of different therapies for DME, up to half of patients with DME show some persistent edema after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment alone, leaving these patients at high risk for vision loss. However, dosing in a similar fashion to that of pivotal anti-VEGF trials is difficult because of real-life challenges faced in clinical practice. This is particularly true for DME, in that the frequency and burden of anti-VEGF injections are a major challenge to patient care. Research evaluating anti-VEGF therapies has shaped the treatment paradigms for patients with DME, and similar benefits have also been noted in clinical trials evaluating the use of intravitreal steroids. Treatment with a long-term intravitreal corticosteroid, which requires fewer injections than treatment with most short-acting therapies, has been found to reduce inflammation and improve vision in a percentage of patients. This roundtable discussion, which took place during the 2018 annual meeting of the Vit-Buckle Society, reviews the current treatment paradigms for DME and evaluates how to customize and optimize treatment strategies geared toward individualized patient care. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2018;49:S5-S15.].
- Journal Article