## Abstract

The paper deals with modelling of hygro-thermal performance and thermo-chemical degradation of concrete exposed to high temperature. Several possible simplifications in modelling of heat and mass transport phenomena in heated concrete are considered and their effect on the results of numerical simulations is analyzed. A mathematical model of concrete at high temperature, already extensively validated with respect to experiments, is used as the reference model. It is based on mechanics of multiphase porous media and considers all important couplings and material nonlinearities, as well as different properties of water above the critical point of water, i.e. 647.3 K (374.15 °C). In this part of the paper, first physical phenomena, as well as heat and mass flux and sources in a concrete element are studied, both during slow and fast heating process, to examine the relative importance of different flux components. Then, the mathematical model of concrete at high temperature, developed by Authors in the last 10 years, is briefly presented and for the first time all the constitutive relationships of the model are summarized and discussed in detail. Finally, the method of numerical solution of the model equations is thoroughly presented. In the companion paper (part II) a brief literature review of the existing mathematical models of concrete at high temperature and a summary of their main features and physical assumptions will be presented. Then, extensive numerical studies will be performed with several simplified models, neglecting chosen physical phenomenon or flux components, to evaluate the difference between the results obtained with the simplified models and with the reference model. The study will concern hygric, thermal and degradation performance of 1-D and 2-D axisymmetric concrete elements during fast and slow heating. The analysis will allow us to indicate which simplifications in modeling of concrete at high temperature are practically and physically possible, without generating excessive errors with respect to the full reference model.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 1927-1944 |

Number of pages | 18 |

Journal | International Journal of Solids and Structures |

Volume | 48 |

Issue number | 13 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jun 15 2011 |

## Keywords

- High temperature degradation of concrete
- Hydro-thermo-chemo-mechanical phenomena
- Numerical model

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mechanical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Applied Mathematics
- Modeling and Simulation