Weight-Based Aspirin Dosing May Further Reduce the Incidence of Venous Thromboembolism Following Primary Total Joint Arthroplasty

Christopher R. Halbur, Trevor R. Gulbrandsen, Christopher R. West, Timothy S. Brown, Nicolas O. Noiseux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Obesity poses a challenge to thromboembolic prophylaxis following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The purpose of this study is to evaluate a weight-based aspirin dosing regimen for prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following TJA. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of 2403 patients who underwent primary total hip or knee arthroplasty at one institution. A weight-based aspirin dosing regimen for VTE prophylaxis was administered to 1247 patients: patients weighing ≥120 kg received 325 mg aspirin twice daily (BID) and those weighing <120 kg received 81 mg aspirin BID for 4 weeks. In total, 1156 patients in the comparison cohort received 81 mg aspirin BID. VTE and gastrointestinal bleeding events were identified through chart review at 42 days and 6 months postoperatively. A multivariable logistic regression was performed to adjust for covariates. Results: The weight-based aspirin cohort had a significantly lesser incidence of VTE at 42 days (P = .03, relative risk [RR] 0.31, 95% confidence interval 0.12-0.82) and 6 months (P = .03, RR 0.38, 95% confidence interval 0.18-0.80). There was no difference in VTE incidence between total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty cases (P = .8). There was no difference in gastrointestinal bleeding events between the cohorts at 42 days (P = .69) or 6 months (P = .92). Subanalysis of patients weighing ≥120 kg demonstrated a significant difference between the cohorts with a VTE incidence of 3.48% and 0% in the 81 mg and weight-based cohorts, respectively (P = .02). Conclusion: Patients prescribed a weight-based aspirin regimen had significantly fewer VTEs after TJA compared to historical controls with an RR reduction of 69% at 6 weeks and 62% at 6 months postoperatively. This suggests the need to factor patient weight when determining postoperative VTE prophylaxis with aspirin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3986-3992.e1
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • aspirin
  • obesity
  • prophylaxis
  • THA
  • thromboembolism
  • TKA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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