Background: Obesity poses a challenge to thromboembolic prophylaxis following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). The purpose of this study is to evaluate a weight-based aspirin dosing regimen for prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) following TJA. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study of 2403 patients who underwent primary total hip or knee arthroplasty at one institution. A weight-based aspirin dosing regimen for VTE prophylaxis was administered to 1247 patients: patients weighing ≥120 kg received 325 mg aspirin twice daily (BID) and those weighing <120 kg received 81 mg aspirin BID for 4 weeks. In total, 1156 patients in the comparison cohort received 81 mg aspirin BID. VTE and gastrointestinal bleeding events were identified through chart review at 42 days and 6 months postoperatively. A multivariable logistic regression was performed to adjust for covariates. Results: The weight-based aspirin cohort had a significantly lesser incidence of VTE at 42 days (P = .03, relative risk [RR] 0.31, 95% confidence interval 0.12-0.82) and 6 months (P = .03, RR 0.38, 95% confidence interval 0.18-0.80). There was no difference in VTE incidence between total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty cases (P = .8). There was no difference in gastrointestinal bleeding events between the cohorts at 42 days (P = .69) or 6 months (P = .92). Subanalysis of patients weighing ≥120 kg demonstrated a significant difference between the cohorts with a VTE incidence of 3.48% and 0% in the 81 mg and weight-based cohorts, respectively (P = .02). Conclusion: Patients prescribed a weight-based aspirin regimen had significantly fewer VTEs after TJA compared to historical controls with an RR reduction of 69% at 6 weeks and 62% at 6 months postoperatively. This suggests the need to factor patient weight when determining postoperative VTE prophylaxis with aspirin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine