Viscosity of the Hydrocarbon Region of Micelles. Measurement by Excimer Fluorescence

Henry J. Pownall, Louis C. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relative intensities of excimer and monomer fluorescence of pyrene are shown to be a simple linear function of the viscosity of a homologous series of solvents. This relationship may be represented by η = kC′h, where C′h is the pyrene concentration at which half the fluorescence intensity appears in both the excimer and monomer form. The constant k includes both instrumental and theoretical parameters and is determined empirically. These results have been used to measure the viscosity of the hydrocarbon region of micelles labeled with pyrene. The viscosities of alkyltrimethylammonium bromides with alkyl chain lengths from C10 to C18 were in the range of 125 to 200 cP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3136-3140
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume95
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1973

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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