Human 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) may reduce blood loss during surgery. This case series described perioperative outcomes among 9 patients who refused standard allogeneic blood transfusion, underwent complex cardiac surgery with aortic involvement, and received intraoperative 4F-PCC. Additional intraoperative cointerventions included protamine (n = 9), aminocaproic acid (n = 8), fibrinogen concentrate (n = 6), desmopressin (n = 6), factor VIIa (n = 2), and tranexamic acid (n = 1). Outcomes included postoperative death (n = 1), major postoperative bleeding (n = 1), deep vein thrombosis (n = 2), and ischemic stroke (n = 1). When standard allogeneic blood transfusion is refused, viable hemostasis can be obtained using 4F-PCC during complex cardiac surgeries with a high risk of bleeding.
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