Very low density lipoprotein. Removal of apolipoproteins C-II and C-III-1 during lipolysis in vitro

S. Eisenberg, J. R. Patsch, J. T. Sparrow, Antonio Gotto, T. Olivecrona

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41 Scopus citations


In this study we have investigated the effects of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) lipolysis on the removal of radiolabeled apolipoprotein C-II and apolipoprotein C-III-1 from in vitro lipolyzed lipoproteins. Lipolysis was carried out in vitro using lipoprotein lipase purified from bovine milk, and mixtures with or without plasma. Lipoproteins were isolated by ultracentrifugation and by gel filtration. Labeled apo-C-II and apo-C-III-1 distributed among plasma lipoproteins, predominantly VLDL and high density lipoprotein (HDL). Lipolysis induced transfer of apo-C-II and apo-C-III-1 from VLDL to HDL. The transfer was proportional to the extent of triglyceride hydrolysis, and similar for the two apoproteins. The apo-C-II/apo-C-III-1 radioactivity ratio did not change in either VLDL or the fraction of d > 1.006 g/ml during the progression of the lipolytic process. Similar observations were recorded while using plasma-devoid lipolytic systems. Gel filtration of incubation mixtures, on 6% agarose, revealed that the removal of labeled apo-C molecules from VLDL is not a consequence of either centrifugation or high salt concentration. These results suggest that there is no preferential removal of apo-C-II or apo-C-III-1 from lipolyzed VLDL particles. They further indicate that the ratio of apo-C-II to apo-C-III-1 does not regulate the extent of lipolysis of different VLDL particles at least in VLDL isolated from normolipidemic humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12603-12608
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number24
StatePublished - 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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