Very low density and low density lipoprotein subfractions in type III and type IV hyperlipoproteinemia Chemical and physical properties

Christopher J. Packard, James Shepherd, Susan Joerns, Antonio Gotto, O. David Taunton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Subfractions of VLDL (VLDL1, Sf 100-400; VLDL2V Sf 60-100; VLDL3, Sf 20-60) and LDL (LDL1, Sf 12-20; LDL2, Sf 6-12; LDL3, Sf 3-6) were isolated from the plasma of three normal, three type in and four type IV hyperlipoproteinemic subjects. In the type IV group, all VLDL subspecies Were of normal composition but were increased in concentration in the order VLDL1 > VLDL2 > VLDL3. In the same subjects, although LDL1 was lowered and LDL3 increased, the total plasma LDL concentration Was normal. All VLDL subfractions were elevated in the type III group, but in this ease VLDL3 predominated. These subfractions were enriched in cholesteryl esters and depleted in triglyceride. In the LDL density range there was a shift of mass towards the least dense fraction, LDL1, which was of normal composition. EPR studies of the VLDL and LDL subfractions in a type IV subject demonstrated a decrease in fluidity with increasing density. The major change occurred between VLDL3 and LDL, and was attributed to a substantial alteration in the cholesteryl ester: triglyceride ratio in the particle. A similar argument was used to explain the reduced fluidity of type III VLDL3 with respect to that of the same subfraction in normal or type IV subjects. Particle diameters, determined by laser light-scattering speetroscopy were-in good agreement with the values obtained by electron microscopy. This study provides a baseline for the examination of the relationship' between the physical and metabolic properties of VLDL and LDL subtractions in type in and IV hyperlipoproteinemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-282
Number of pages14
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Volume572
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 26 1979

Keywords

  • ESR
  • Fluidity
  • Hyperlipoproteinemia
  • Laser light-scattering
  • LDL
  • VLDL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)

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