The vein of Marshall (VOM) contains innervation, myocardial connections, and arrhythmogenic foci that make it an attractive target in catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Additionally, it co-localizes with the mitral isthmus, which is critical to sustain perimitral flutter, and is a true atrial vein that communicates with underlying myocardium. Retrograde balloon cannulation of the VOM from the coronary sinus is feasible and allows for ethanol delivery, which results in rapid ablation of neighboring myocardium and its innervation. Here we review the body of work performed over a span of 13 years, from the inception of the technique, to its preclinical validation, to demonstration of its ablative and denervation effects, and finally to completion of a randomized clinical trial demonstrating favorable outcomes, improving rhythm control in catheter ablation of persistent AF.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Vein of Marshall
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)