The use of free tissue transfers has dramatically improved the outcomes of soft tissue reconstructions of the face. This is particularly true when large volumes of soft tissue are needed or when the recipient bed has a compromised local blood supply. Although traditional fat grafting procedures often allow for satisfactory results in some patients, the use of scapular and parascapular free tissue transfers has markedly improved the predictability of these reconstructions, often in a single stage. As perforator flap reconstructions evolve over time, these types of flaps may eventually supplant the available fasciocutaneous free flaps as the flap of choice in these reconstructions primarily because of improved donor site scarring and morbidity.
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