Variation in Perioperative Care Practices Among Vitreoretinal Surgeons in the United States

Avni P. Finn, Katherine E. Talcott, Jonathan Han, Ferhina S. Ali, Prethy Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: To describe perioperative practice patterns among retinal surgeons managing retinal detachment (RD) repair. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional pilot survey of vitreoretinal surgeons in the United States (US), identified by a previously published web-based search and cross-referencing names from the American Society of Retina Specialists. Self-reported peri-operative practices and subgroups were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 298 surgical retina specialists who completed the survey, 115 (39%) were in practice for ≤ 5 years, 102 (34%) were in practice for 6 to 20 years, and 81 (27%) were in practice for > 20 years; 60%, 23%, and 16% were in private, academic, and hybrid practice, respectively. Fifty-nine percent reported operating with trainees. For ocular blocks, 59% perform retrobulbar, 21% peribulbar, and 20% subtenon's (ST). Use of ST block varied significantly by years in practice and presence of trainees (P < 0.0001, P = 0.004, respectively). Sixty percent perform primary scleral buckles (SB), 55% combined SB/pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), and 11% primary PPVs under general anesthesia. Use of general anesthesia for primary SB varied significantly by years in practice (P = 0.007). Surgeons with fewer years in practice were more likely to recommend facedown positioning for macula-off RDs (P < 0.0001). Forty-six percent of surgeons do not advise stopping blood thinners before surgery and this varied significantly by years in practice (P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Variation exists among US vitreoretinal surgeons in relation to anesthesia, postoperative positioning, and blood thinners restrictions. Preferences are influenced by years in practice and less by trainees and practice setting. These results serve as a basis for larger, targeted US-based surveys on perioperative care and correlation with surgical outcomes. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2022;53:681-690.].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)681-690
Number of pages10
JournalOphthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging retina
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology


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