Vapor pressures are important parameters for the modelling of the environmental fate and incineration behavior of halogenated dibenzo-dioxins and dibenzofurans (1). Correlation methods play an important role in the determination of thermal properties of polyhalogenated dioxins and furans (2,3) as there are hundreds of homologs and isomers whose synthesis in their pure form can be very difficult. Many of the compounds are highly toxic and their impact on the environment must be considered. The hazards associated with 2,3,7,8-T4CDD are well known. The measurement of thermal properties is involved for safety reasons, and the required quantities of these substances often fall within the milligram range. Correlation methods permit the estimation of the substance properties of hundreds of compounds from a limited set of measurements on the least toxic species. The correlation method (2,3) has in the past been used a) to predict enthalpies of fusion and boiling points from a set of vapor pressure results from polychloro dibenzo-dioxins, dibenzofurans and xanthenes; b) to test the self consistency of this set of measured vapor pressures; c) to predict the vapor pressures of solid 2,3,7,8-T4CDD and d) predict vapor pressures for twenty-nine halogenated dibenzo-dioxins and for fifty-five polychloro dibenzofurans (3). The correlation method was based on experimental vapor pressure data for one to four chlorinated congeners and on the octachloro dibenzo- p-dioxins and furans. We are presently extending the data set by including pentahexa- and heptachloro dibenzo-p-dioxins (1,2,3,4,7-P5CDD, 1,2,3,4,7,8-H6CDD, 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-H7CDD) and dibenzofurans (1,2,3,4,8-P5CDF, 1,2,4,7,8-P5CDF, 1,2,3,4,7,8-H6CDF, 1,2,4,6,7,8-H6CDF, 1,2,4,6,8,9-H6CDF, 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-H7CDF, 1,2,3,4,6,7,9-H7CDF, 1,2,3,4,6,8,9-H7CDF). The influence of exchanging chlorine against bromine has also been studied by recording vapor pressure curves on the following brominated dibenzo-p-dioxin congeners: 2,3,-D2BDD, 1,2,3,4-T4BDD and 1234678-H7BDF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis