Usefulness of sleep endoscopy in predicting positional obstructive sleep apnea

Andrew J. Victores, John Hamblin, Janet Gilbert, Christi Switzer, Masayoshi Takashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. The aim of the study was to (1) evaluate whether position affects drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) findings in positional and nonpositional patients and (2) determine which areas of the upper airway obstruct in different body positions. Study Design. Prospective, case-controlled study. Setting. Academic tertiary care center. Subjects and Methods. Twenty-two patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were enrolled. Two groups were individually recruited to make 11 consecutive patients with positional OSA and 11 consecutive patients with nonpositional OSA. Positional OSA was defined by nonsupine 50% reduction in apnea-hypopnea index. DISE was performed with patients in both lateral and supine sleep positions. Upper airway collapse was compared between the sleep positions and between the 2 groups. Results. Most patients (77%) demonstrated multilevel obstruction on DISE. Nearly all patients with positional OSA (91%) had at least a partial improvement in collapse while in the lateral sleep position. Most of the reduction in collapse involved the tongue base and epiglottis (P <.05). Sleep position did not significantly alter the upper airway morphology of patients with nonpositional OSA. Apneahypopnea index and body mass index were not significantly different between the 2 groups. Conclusions. Sleep position can change upper airway morphology on DISE, particularly positional OSA patients. Hypopharyngeal collapse was the primary site that improved with change in position. DISE in multiple sleep positions should be considered as part of a minimally invasive approach to surgical therapy of OSA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-493
Number of pages7
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume150
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

Keywords

  • drug-induced sleep endoscopy
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • positional obstructive sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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