MRI studies have shown a tight correlation between mitral regurgitant volume and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LV EDV) in patients with primary chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). They have also shown a tight correlation between regurgitant volume and the decrease in LVEDV following mitral valve surgery. The purpose of this study is to validate an empiric calculation that can be used preoperatively to predict the amount of left ventricular remodeling following mitral valve correction. This is a prospective multicenter study of 63 (61 ± 13 years, male 65%) patients who underwent an MRI before and after mitral valve correction. Pre and postmitral valve correction ventricular volumes and ejection fractions were quantified. The predicted change in LV EDV was empirically calculated as mitral regurgitant volume/left ventricular ejection fraction. The observed change in LV EDV was compared to the predicted change in LV EDV. The LVEDV decreased in 61 (97%) patients following mitral valve correction (237 ± 66 ml vs 164 ± 46 ml, p <0.0001). Correlation between the observed and predicted change in LVEDV was good for the entire cohort (r = 0.77, p <0.0001) and excellent in patients with <10 ml of residual MR (r = 0.87, p <0.0001). This tight correlation was seen in both patients with primary (0.86, p <0.0001) and secondary MR (0.97, p <0.0001) and <10 ml of residual MR. Multivariate predictors of LV remodeling were MR volume, primary MR, and LVESV. In conclusion cardiac MRI volumetric measurements accurately predict LV remodeling following mitral valve correction. This finding supports the notion that MRI accurately quantifies the severity of chronic mitral regurgitation and a cardiac MRI should be strongly considered before mitral valve correction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine