Usefulness of Holter monitoring in predicting efficacy of amiodarone therapy for sustained ventricular tachycardia associated with coronary artery disease

Nadim Nasir, Jr., Timothy K. Doyle, Susan H. Wheeler, Antonio Pacifico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of Holter monitoring to predict clinical events during amiodarone therapy was evaluated in 83 patients with coronary artery disease and inducible monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. Sixty-four patients (77%) had significant ventricular ectopy activity (≥10 ventricular premature complexes [VPCs]/hour) at baseline, and 19 (23%) did not; patients were similar in age (63 and 65 years, respectively; p = 0.24) and ejection fraction (31 and 32%, respectively; p = 0.75). Over a mean of 23 ± 17 months, there was no difference in arrhythmia recurrence (33 and 26%; p = 0.89) or sudden death (16 and 20%; p = 0.94) in patients with and without significant ectopy, respectively. In patients with significant ectopy, amiodarone decreased VPC frequency from baseline to 2 weeks, but not from 2 to 6 weeks. Forty-two patients had >85% reduction in ectopy at 2 weeks; 20 patients did not. However, this reduction of simple VPCs did not predict a decrease in arrhythmic recurrence (29 vs 40%; p = 0.59) nor sudden death (25 vs 11%; p = 0.56) in patients with and without VPC suppression, respectively. Forty-five patients had Holter monitoring at 6 weeks. Twenty-one patients (47%) had >95% suppression of ectopy, and 24 did not. Neither the recurrence (38 vs 38%; p = 0.54) nor sudden death (33 vs 13%; p = 0.45) rate was predicted by the degree of VPC suppression. Amiodarone is a powerful suppressant of VPCs, but Holter suppression of this ectopic activity is not predictive of clinical outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)554-558
Number of pages5
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume73
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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