Use of Third Line Therapy for Overactive Bladder in a Practice with Multiple Subspecialty Providers—Are We Doing Enough?

Dena Moskowitz, Sarah A. Adelstein, Alvaro Lucioni, Una J. Lee, Kathleen C. Kobashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Overactive bladder impacts more than 15% of the adult population. Compliance with medical treatment is low due to inadequate symptom control or intolerable side effects. Although third line therapies have improved the treatment of overactive bladder, many patients do not receive optimal treatment. We hypothesized that third line treatment use is higher among female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery urologists, and we examined its use at our tertiary referral center. Materials and Methods: The electronic medical record was queried for patients with overactive bladder seen in 1 year. The number of visits associated with an overactive bladder prescription and the number of patients who received third line therapy were determined and subcategorized by department. Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery providers were considered separately. Results: A total of 5,445 patients (8,994 visits) were seen for overactive bladder. Of all patients seen for overactive bladder 3.5% received third line therapy compared with 10.0% and 14.1% of those seen by urology providers and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery providers, respectively. Conclusions: The use of third line therapy was reported to be less than 5%. This rate is higher at our institution, which is likely due to multiple female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery providers. We also apply an algorithm that facilitates patient education on available options should first and second line treatments fail. Given the limited compliance with medical treatment for overactive bladder, we are likely missing a segment of the patient population who would benefit from third line treatment. Our data demonstrate an opportunity for urologists to improve the quality of overactive bladder treatment and subsequently improve patient quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-784
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume199
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • female
  • overactive
  • quality of life
  • transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
  • urinary bladder
  • urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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