End-stage heart failure is the final common pathway of an irreversible process associated with loss of myocardial cells. In this process, the capacity for renewal and repair of myocardial tissue is inadequate and ultimately leads to ventricular remodeling. Novel therapeutic strategies have been developed to prevent it, one being cell therapy, which has emerged as a potential approach to directly repopulate and repair the damaged heart. Here, we review the use of regenerative cell therapy for different cardiac diseases and discuss the positive effect of cell therapy mediated by paracrine factors instead of turning directly into cardiomyocytes.
- bone marrow-derived cell therapy
- cardiac stem cell therapy
- dilated cardiomyopathy
- heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas