Purpose: The authors determine the intraocular tolerance of a new widely used liquid perfluorocarbon, perfluoroctylbromide (perflubron). Methods: Pars plana vitrectomy was performed on 54 eyes of 54 patients with vitreoretinal disorders at three centers. Diagnoses included giant retinal tears, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and dislocated intraocular and crystalline lenses. At the conclusion of the vitrectomy, perflubron was removed. Results: Perflubron was efficacious for vitreoretinal manipulation. Of the 45 eyes with retinal detachment, 23 (51.1%) of the retinas were reattached after a single surgery; redetachment occurred in 22 (48.9%) after the initial procedure, and further surgery was necessary to reattach the retina. Final retinal reattachment was achieved in 40 (88.9%) eyes. Mean visual acuity improvement was six lines (P < 0.0019). Visualization of the water/perfluorocarbon interface was good. There was no evidence of adverse effects from perflubron on the retina, lens, or anterior segment. Conclusion: Findings indicate that perflubron is safe for temporary intraoperative use intravitreally. The absence of adverse effects is consistent with the properties of perflubron that our group has studied in the eyes of animals and in other uses in human patients.
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