Use of Cementless Metaphyseal Fixation in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in the United States

Christopher N. Carender, Qiang An, Matthew W. Tetreault, Ayushmita De, Timothy S. Brown, Nicholas A. Bedard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Fixation options for revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) have expanded and now include cementless metaphyseal fixation. The utilization rates of these implants in the United States are not well known. The purpose of this study was to analyze trends in cementless metaphyseal fixation for rTKA within the American Joint Replacement Registry (AJRR). Methods: The AJRR was queried for the years 2015-2019 to identify all rTKA with implant data. Trends in the use of cementless sleeves, metaphyseal cones, and any cementless metaphyseal fixation (sleeves + cones) were examined over the study period using logistic regression analysis. Results: Twenty thousand two hundred and eighty rTKA were analyzed. Cementless metaphyseal fixation was used in 16% of rTKA and significantly increased over the study period (14% to 19%, P < .0001). Cementless metaphyseal fixation was more frequently utilized during revision for aseptic loosening than other diagnoses (OR 1.014, 95% CI 1.001-1.027). Cementless sleeve utilization decreased over time (11% to 9%, P = .004), driven by decreased use on the femur (4% to 2%, P < .0001). The use of cones increased significantly over time (3% to 9%, P < .0001), driven by increased use on the tibia (2% to 9%, P < .0001). Cones were 22 times more likely to be utilized on the tibia relative to the femur (P < .0001) and were more likely to be used in revisions for infection (OR 1.103, 95% CI 1.089-1.117) and aseptic loosening (OR 1.764, 95% CI 1.728-1.800). Conclusion: Cementless metaphyseal fixation has grown in popularity yet, still comprised only 16% of rTKA over a 5-year period. Most of the increase was due to the utilization of tibial metaphyseal cones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)554-558
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • cone
  • metaphyseal fixation
  • revision total knee arthroplasty
  • sleeve
  • utilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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