OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to confirm that the efficacy and safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in diabetic patients are not compromised by a bivalirudin-based antithrombotic strategy. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a survival benefit with use of platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors in diabetic patients undergoing PCI. The Randomized Evaluation in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Linking Angiomax to Reduced Clinical Events (REPLACE)-2 trial showed the non-inferiority of a strategy of bivalirudin with provisional GP IIb/IIIa inhibition compared with routine GP IIb/IIIa inhibition. The relative efficacy of these two strategies in diabetic patients has not been studied. METHODS: We evaluated the diabetic patients enrolled in the REPLACE-2 trial to assess the impact of these antithrombotic strategies on the short- and long-term outcome after PCI. RESULTS: The REPLACE-2 trial enrolled 1,624 diabetic patients and 4,368 non-diabetic patients. Compared with non-diabetic patients, diabetic patients had similar short-term outcome but higher mortality at 1 year (3.06% vs. 1.85%, p = 0.004). There was no difference in short-term or long-term ischemic events among the diabetic patients randomized to the two arms. Specifically, the 1-year mortality rate was non-significantly lower in the bivalirudin arm, suggesting no differential survival impact of the two strategies (2.3% vs. 3.9%). There was less minor bleeding in the bivalirudin arm in diabetic patients (12.6% vs. 24.4%, p < 0.001), whereas no difference was seen in the incidence of major bleeding (3.0% vs. 3.3%, p = 0.69). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with routine GP IIb/IIIa inhibition, the use of bivalirudin with provisional GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors in diabetic patients is associated with no differences in clinical outcomes at 30 days, a trend toward lesser mortality at 1 year, and a reduction in minor bleeding.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine