Ureteroenteric anastomosis in orthotopic neobladder creation: do urinary tract infections impact stricture rate?

Cooper R. Benson, Divya Ajay, Brittani L. Barrett-Harlow, Kathryn G. Cunningham, Yasmin Bootwala, Clay Pendleton, Hanhan Li, Hajar I. Ayoub, William J. Graber, Ouida L. Westney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: Radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion in the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer is associated with peri-operative complication rates as high as 60%. Ureteroenteric anastomotic stricture (UEAS) is a potential source significant morbidity often requiring secondary interventions. We sought to evaluate our experience with benign UEAS in our open ileal orthotopic neobladder (ON) population. Methods: After Internal Review Board (IRB) approval, we performed a retrospective review of patients who had RC and ON between 2000 and 2015 at MD Anderson Cancer Center and had at least 6 months of follow-up. Baseline demographics and treatment characteristics, peri-operative and post-operative outcomes, as well as information regarding anastomosis technique and suture types were evaluated. Patients with malignant ureteral obstruction were excluded from the analysis. Results: 418 patients had ON creation and the mean age was 59 years (SD 9.4 years) and 90% were males. The mean follow-up was 57 months (6–183 months). 37 patients (8.9%) developed UEAS in 42 renal units and the mean time to diagnosis was 15.8 months (0.85–90 months). Anastomosis and suture type were not predictive of UEAS (p = 0.594, p = 0.586). Perioperative UTI within 30 days of surgery, and recurrent UTI were predictive of UEAS, HR 2.4 p = 0.03, HR 5.1 p < 0.001, respectively. Conclusions: UEAS are associated with potentially significant morbidity following ON creation. UEAS may occur early following ON, but may occur as late as 7 years following surgery. Indeed, technical factors and surgeon experience contribute to the rates of UEAS, but perioperative UTI appears to herald future stricture development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • Bladder cancer
  • Orthotopic neobladder
  • Ureteral stricture
  • UTI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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