OBJECTIVE: To educate providers on the emergence of vaginal lasers for the treatment of the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) and discuss the peer-reviewed literature regarding their use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of literature databases (PubMed and Medline) was performed for publications in February 2020. Keywords included genitourinary syndrome of menopause, urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, urgency, urinary tract infections, atrophy, laser, and vaginal. We reviewed the available published literature, identifying articles, guidance, and society statements on the use vaginal laser therapies. RESULTS: The literature regarding vaginal laser therapy in the treatment of the GSM is primarily limited to prospective case series with small numbers and short-term follow-up. Nevertheless, these studies have demonstrated reductions in genitourinary syndrome of menopause symptoms. High quality data describing the safety, benefits, and appropriate use of vaginal laser therapy is lacking. CONCLUSION: Vaginal laser treatment for the GSM is of interest as it provides patients with a nonhormonal treatment option. Further research to better outline the indications, efficacy, safety, and applications of this technology is needed before supporting its universal use for the management of the GSM.
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