Unsatisfactory accuracy of recent robotic assisting system ROSA for total knee arthroplasty

Caleb Shin, Chelsea Crovetti, Enshuo Huo, David Lionberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantify accuracy of a recently FDA-approved robotic-assisted device. Methods: Thirty-seven patients underwent TKA with the Robotic Surgical Assistant (ROSA) by the same operating surgeon and team over the course of 3 months. Intra-operative mechanical axis measurements, composed of alpha (α), beta (β), gamma (γ), and delta (δ) angles, and the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) were calculated by the ROSA. Post-operative mechanical implant angles were taken from 36″ stitched post-op films and measured in the PACS imaging system. Accuracy was assessed by comparing the percentage of postoperative long length films within 2° and 3° of the ROSA intra-operative plan. Results: The ROSA system accurately calculated the HKA, α, and β angles (95% CI), but was inaccurate in calculating both γ and δ angles. Using a window of ± 3° accuracy, the HKA, α and β angles were accurate at levels of 89, 100 and 92% respectively. In contrast, the sagittal relationships were considerably less accurate at 77 and 74% for the γ and δ angles respectively. Subsequently, the proportion of cases within 2 and 3 degrees of the intra-operative plan for resection angles was considered accurate for HKA (73% within 2°, 89% within 3°), α (92% within 2°, 100% within 3°), and β (76% within 2°, 92% within 3°) angles, but considered inaccurate for γ (51% within 2°, 77% within 3°) and δ angles (57% within 2°, 74% within 3°). Conclusions: This study demonstrated that while the ROSA system seems to accurately predict coronal plane resections in TKA, it falls short in the sagittal plane. Further research in these deficiencies can provide insight into the overall efficacy of robotic assisted surgery in TKA. Level of Evidence: Level III Therapeutic Study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number82
JournalJournal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Clinical study
  • Computer assisted surgery
  • Hip-knee-ankle angle
  • Mechanical axis
  • Robotic surgical assistant
  • Total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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