Understanding ADHD: Toward an innovative therapeutic intervention

Allyson Camp, Amanda Pastrano, Valeria Gomez, Kathleen Stephenson, William Delatte, Brianna Perez, Hunter Syas, Anthony Guiseppi-Elie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a pervasive condition affecting persons across all age groups, although it is primarily diagnosed in children. This neurological condition affects behavior, learning, and social adjustment and requires specific symptomatic criteria to be fulfilled for diagnosis. ADHD may be treated with a combination of psychological or psychiatric therapeutic interventions, but it often goes unattended. People with ADHD face societal bias challenges that impact how they manage the disorder and how they view themselves. This paper summarizes the present state of understanding of this disorder, with particular attention to early diagnosis and innovative therapeutic intervention. Contemporary understanding of the mind–brain duality allows for innovative therapeutic interventions based on neurological stimulation. This paper introduces the concept of neurostimulation as a therapeutic intervention for ADHD and poses the question of the relationship between patient adherence to self-administered therapy and the aesthetic design features of the neurostimulation device. By fabricating devices that go beyond safety and efficacy to embrace the aesthetic preferences of the patient, it is proposed that there will be improvements in patient adherence to a device intended to address ADHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number56
JournalBioengineering
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Adherence
  • Design
  • Neurostimulation
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

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