Ultrasonic processing of enzymes: Effect on enzymatic activity of glucose oxidase

Anthony Guiseppi-Elie, Sung Ho Choi, Kurt E. Geckeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of ultrasonication on the enzymatic stability, conformation, and catalytic activity of the important oxidoreductase, glucose oxidase (GOx), was investigated. Thus, buffer-free aqueous solutions of GOx were ultrasonicated (23 kHz at 4 °C) for different periods of time (10, 30, and 60 min) and studied in terms of their enzymatic activity. The ultrasonicated GOx was also studied by UV/vis and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy and by thermogravimetric analysis, and compared with pristine GOx. The CD spectra of ultrasonicated GOx showed a different composition with reduced α-helix and β-sheet fractions upon extended sonication compared with the pristine GOx. Along with the changes of the secondary structure, the enzymatic activity measured via HRP-coupled bioassay of the sonicated GOx showed a small corresponding decrease. Low temperature ultrasonic processing of GOx does not appreciably compromise bioactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-123
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic
Volume58
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

Keywords

  • Enzyme activity
  • Enzyme processing
  • Glucose oxidase
  • Ultrasonication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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