Ultrafast Growth of Highly Conductive Graphene Films by a Single Subsecond Pulse of Microwave

Mingming Lu, Yifei Ge, Jiahao Wang, Zixuan Chen, Zhiwei Song, Jianxun Xu, Yuliang Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Currently, graphene films are expected to achieve real applications in various fields. However, the conventional synthesis methods still have intrinsic limitations, especially not being applicable on a surface with high curvature. Herein, an ultrafast synthesis method was developed for graphene and turbostratic graphite growth by a single subsecond pulse of microwaves generated by a household magnetron. We succeeded in growing high-quality around 10-layered turbostratic graphite in 0.16 s directly on the surface of an atomic force microscope probe and maintaining a tip curvature radius of less than 30 nm. The thus-produced probes showed high conductivity and tip durability. Moreover, turbostratic graphite film was also demonstrated to grow on the surface of dielectric Si flat substrates in a full coverage. Graphene can also grow on metallic Ni tips by this method. Our microwave ultrafast method can be used to grow high-quality graphene in a facile, efficient, and economical way.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6676-6686
Number of pages11
JournalACS Nano
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 26 2022


  • conductivity
  • microwave pulse
  • probe
  • turbostratic graphite
  • ultrafast growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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