Two genes associated with liver cancer are regulated by different mechanisms in rasT24 transformed liver epithelial cells

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compared the regulation of γ-glutamyl transferase (γGT) and glutathione-S-transferase-P (GST-P) expression in rat liver epithelial cells (228 cells) and a line derived from them (C5 cells) by stable transfection with a metallothionein-activated ras fusion gene (MTrasT24). Earlier studies demonstrated that steady state RNA levels of these genes are increased after transformation of liver cells by MTrasT24 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 85, 344-348, 1988). In the present study, we found that the rate of γGT transcription increased approximately 20 fold after transformation by MTrasT24 while the rate of GST-P transcription increased no more than two fold. However, the stability of GST-P RNA was increased about 3 fold in these cells. Comparisons of γGT RNA stability were not possible since nontransformed liver cells (228) contain little or no γGT RNA. Thus, the accumulation of γGT RNA in C5 cells is heavily dependent on increased rates of transcription while the more modest increases in GST-P RNA levels result in large part from increased RNA stability. In ras transformed cells both transcriptional and post-transcriptional events contribute to the increased steady state RNA levels of cellular genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)795-798
Number of pages4
JournalOncogene
Volume4
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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