Tumor-targeting with novel non-benzoyl 6-substituted straight chain pyrrolo[2,3-d ]pyrimidine antifolates via cellular uptake by folate receptor α and inhibition of de novo purine nucleotide biosynthesis

Yiqiang Wang, Christina Cherian, Steven Orr, Shermaine Mitchell-Ryan, Zhanjun Hou, Sudhir Raghavan, Larry H. Matherly, Aleem Gangjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new series of 6-substituted straight side chain pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines 3a-d with varying chain lengths (n = 5-8) was designed and synthesized as part of our program to provide targeted antitumor agents with folate receptor (FR) cellular uptake specificity and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase (GARFTase) inhibition. Carboxylic acids 4a-d were converted to the acid chlorides and reacted with diazomethane, followed by 48% HBr to generate the α-bromomethylketones 5a-d. Condensation of 2,4-diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine 6 with 5a-d afforded the 6-substituted pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines 7a-d. Hydrolysis and subsequent coupling with diethyl l-glutamate and saponification afforded target compounds 3a-d. Compounds 3b-d showed selective cellular uptake via FRα and -β, associated with high affinity binding and inhibition of de novo purine nucleotide biosynthesis via GARFTase, resulting in potent inhibition against FR-expressing Chinese hamster cells and human KB tumor cells in culture. Our studies establish, for the first time, that a side chain benzoyl group is not essential for tumor-selective drug uptake by FRα.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8684-8695
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume56
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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