Tumor-targeted hyaluronan nanoliposomes increase the antitumor activity of liposomal doxorubicin in syngeneic and human xenograft mouse tumor models

Dan Peer, Rimona Margalit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

179 Scopus citations

Abstract

Naturally occurring high-Mr hyaluronan, bound to the surface of nanoliposomes (denoted targeted hyaluronan liposomes, or tHA-LIP), is a candidate for active targeting to tumors, many of which overexpress the hyaluronan receptors CD44 and RHAMM. The surface-bound hyaluronan also provides a hydrophilic coat that, similar to polyethylene glycol, may promote long-term circulation. We recently reported the successful targeting of mitomycin C, mediated by tHA-LIP, in tumor-bearing syngeneic mice. Hypothesizing that this targeting is carrier-specific, rather than drug-specific, we report here studies with doxorubicin (DXR)-loaded tHA-LIP, in syngeneic and human xenograft models. Saline, free DXR, DXR-loaded nontargeted liposomes (nt-LIP), and Doxil served as controls. The tHA-LIP were long-circulating, more than all controls, in healthy and tumor-bearing (C57BL/6/B16F10.9; BALB/c/C-26) mice. Mediated by tHA-LIP, D]XR accumulation in tumor-bearing lungs was 30-, 6.7-, and 3.5-fold higher than free DXR, nt-LIP, and Doxil, respectively. Key indicators of therapeutic responses-tumor progression, metastatic burden, and survival-were superior (P<.001) in animals receiving DXR-loaded tHA-LIP compared with controls, in tumor-bearing syngeneic mice (BDF1/P388/ADR ascites, C57BL/6/B16F10.9 lung metastasis, and BALB/c/C-26 solid tumors), and in nude mice bearing PANC-1 solid tumors. In conclusion, tHA-LIP, performing as tumor-targeted carriers, have the potential to join the arsenal of carrier-formulated anticancer drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-353
Number of pages11
JournalNeoplasia
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2004

Keywords

  • Doxorubicin
  • Drug delivery
  • Hyaluronan
  • Nanoliposomes
  • Targeting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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