Chimeric proteins resulting from characteristic chromosomal translocations are believed to play a key role in the development of neoplasia. The consistent chromosomal translocation t(12;22) found in Clear Cell sarcoma (CCS) fuses the genes for Ewing's sarcoma protein (EWS) and activating transcription factor 1 (ATF1). Contribution of the chimeric EWS/ATF1 protein to maintenance of the tumor phenotype was investigated using intracellular expression of an inhibitory anti-ATF1 single chain antibody fragment (scFv4). Transfection of scFv4 into a cell line (SU-CCS-1) derived from CCS resulted in a 90% reduction in cyclic AMP response element-driven reporter activity. The delivery of scFv4 into SU-CCS-1 cells by a Moloney sarcoma retroviral vector (SRα-Fv4) significantly reduced viability and induced apoptosis as measured by terminal deoxynucleotide-transferase- mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling and flow cytometry. Conversely, scFv4 had no effect on viability of HeLa cells. The level of EWS/ATF1 expression was found to be significantly higher in primary tumor tissue than in SU-CCS-1 cells or in 293T cells following introduction of an EWS/ATF1 expression vector. These studies demonstrate a direct role for the EWS/ATF1 fusion protein in maintaining tumor cell viability of Clear Cell sarcoma and indicate that intracellular antibodies may be used to achieve a phenotypic knockout of tumor-related proteins as a method to explore their function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 3 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology