We report the case of a patient with three synchronous but histologically different primary renal tumors that were all in the same kidney. Two tumors were different subtypes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and the third was a variant form of angiomyolipoma. The patient was a 62-year-old man who was receiving antihypertensive drugs and came to our hospital for a regular check-up. Ultrasonography performed during the visit revealed a left renal mass, but the patient had no related symptoms. Subsequent computed tomography revealed two round, high-density masses, one in the mid-portion and the other in the lower pole of the left kidney, and multiple cysts in the right kidney and the liver. The mass in the mid-portion measured 3.3 × 3.0 × 2.8 cm, and the mass in the lower pole measured 1.7 × 1.1 × 0.9 cm. A left radical nephrectomy was performed. On gross examination, an additional ovoid nodule (0.6 cm in the greatest dimension) was found in the lower pole. Microscopically, the largest tumor consisted of a broad alveolar arrangement of large round cells with abundant eosinophilic or clear cytoplasm, distinct cell borders, and perinuclear halos, features consistent with chromophobe RCC. The smallest tumor was a conventional (clear-cell) RCC. The third tumor was composed solely of atypical epithelioid cells with prominent nucleoli and yellowish-brown to black pigments. The tumor cells were positive for melanin (Fontana-Masson stain), the melanoma marker HMB45, vimentin, smooth-muscle actin, and the macrophage marker CD68 and were negative for cytokeratin. This tumor was considered a pigmented epithelioid type of angiomyolipoma. The histologic, histochemical, and immunohistochemical features in this case confirmed the presence of three synchronous primary tumors, a chromophobe and a clear-cell type RCC and a pigmented epithelioid angiomyolipoma, all of which were in the same kidney. This case is the first of its type reported in the literature.
- Renal cell carcinoma
- Renal tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine