Triggering of toll-like receptor-4 in human multiple myeloma cells promotes proliferation and alters cell responses to immune and chemotherapy drug attack

Hanying Bao, Peilin Lu, Yi Li, Lijuan Wang, Haiyan Li, Donghua He, Yang Yang, Yi Zhao, Li Yang, Michael Wang, Qing Yi, Zhen Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable B-cell malignancy characterized by accumulation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow and by recurrent or persistent infections. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are essential in the host defense against infections. The aim of this study was to investigate TLR initiated responses in MM cells including proliferation, antiapoptosis and immune escape. Myeloma cell lines gene transcription, cell cycle and protein expression were detected by RT-PCR, real-time PCR, western blot, ELISA and flow cytometry analysis. 3H-thymidine was used for measuring cell proliferation and Annexin V-PI flow cytometry for the detection of cell apoptosis. We show that human myeloma cell lines expressed TLRs and LPS induced the proliferation and partially protected MM.1S and ARP-1 cells from adriamycin-induced apoptosis. LPS appears to induce proliferation via MyD88 and MAP Ks signaling. In addition, LPS treatment upregulated myeloma cell secretion of cytokine IL-18 and expression of immunoregulatory factors B7-H1, B7-H2 and CD40 mRNA and helped myeloma cells to escape immune surveillance. Our results show that TLRs are functional on myeloma tumor cells and the ligands to these TLRs have a functional role in affecting myeloma cell proliferation, survival and response to chemotherapy and immune attacks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-67
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell cycle
  • Immunoregulatory
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Proliferation
  • Signal transduction
  • Toll-like receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

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