Athletes competing and training at high altitude can present an AT with unique challenges. Recognition of High Altitude Illness, including the full spectrum of AMS, HACE, HAPE, is of utmost importance. The most effective method for prevention of altitude illness is slow ascent. Athletes with moderate-risk to high-risk for development of AMS or HACE should receive Acetazolamide for prophylaxis. Treatment of HAI includes descent from high altitude, oxygen, and appropriate medications (Table 8). Other issues that arise at high altitude include dehydration, headache, high-altitude bronchitis, disordered sleep, increased risk of sickle cell crisis, and poor glucose control among diabetic athletes. Training that utilizes the natural process of acclimatization has become popular among many athletes and teams. The Live High and Train Low method may be effective in increasing aerobic athletic performance capabilities.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Athletic Therapy and Training|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation