Transmit Power Optimization and Feasibility Analysis of Self-Backhauling Full-Duplex Radio Access Systems

Dani Korpi, Taneli Riihonen, Ashutosh Sabharwal, Mikko Valkama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


We analyze an inband full-duplex access node that is serving mobile users while simultaneously connecting to a core network over a wireless backhaul link, utilizing the same frequency band for all communication tasks. Such wireless self-backhauling is an intriguing option for the next generation wireless systems since a wired backhaul connection might not be economically viable if the access nodes are deployed densely. In particular, we derive the optimal transmit power allocation for such a system in closed form under quality-of-service (QoS) requirements, which are defined in terms of the minimum data rates for each mobile user. For comparison, the optimal transmit power allocation is solved also for two reference scenarios: a purely half-duplex access node, and a relay-type full-duplex access node. Based on the obtained expressions for the optimal transmit powers, we then show that the systems utilizing a full-duplex capable access node have a fundamental feasibility boundary, meaning that there are circumstances under which the QoS requirements cannot be fulfilled using finite transmit powers. This fundamental feasibility boundary is also derived in closed form. The feasibility boundaries and optimal transmit powers are then numerically evaluated in order to compare the different communication schemes. In general, utilizing the purely full-duplex access node results in the lowest transmit powers for all the communicating parties, although there are some network geometries under which such a system is not capable of reaching the required minimum data rates. In addition, the numerical results indicate that a full-duplex capable access node is best suited for relatively small cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4219-4236
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2018


  • full-duplex wireless
  • massive MIMO
  • Self-backhauling
  • transmit power optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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