The safety and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in elderly patients has not been established. Of 639 PTCAs performed between March 1980 and May 1984, 119 patients were 65 years or older (mean 70 years). On angiography, elderly patients differed only in the more frequent occurrence of visible calcific deposits (26% vs 8 % in younger patients, p < 0.01). Primary success was achieved In 81%, vs 80% in patients younger than 65 years. Major complication rates were comparable to those of younger patients: emergency coronary artery bypass surgery, 4.1% vs 4.7% ; acute myocardial infarction, 2.5% vs 2.9%; and death, 0.8% vs 0. Late clinical follow-up ranging from 5 to 50 months (mean 18) showed that symptomatic improvement was achieved in 91 % of patients in whom PTCA was successful, with 55% being asymptomatic. Seventy percent of patients were as active or more active (30%) than before PTCA and 47% were taking fewer medications. Four late deaths occurred, none from cardiac causes. These data support the safety and clinical effectiveness of PTCA in elderly patients and justify the extension of indications for PTCA to selected patients with multivessel disease in this age group.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine