Subgenomic fragments of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) DNA, generated by Eco RI digestion of DNA of RSV-infected chicken cells, induced transformation of NIH/3T3 mouse cells with efficiencies that were 100-1000 fold lower than the efficiency of transformation by intact RSV DNA. Analysis of the DNAs of NIH cells transformed by Eco RI-digested RSV DNA indicated that these cells contained no more than 2 × 106 daltons of RSV DNA, and did not contain sequences from the 5′ terminus of RSV RNA which are included in the leader sequence of subgenomic src mRNA of RSV-infected cells. The product of the RSV src gene (pp60src), however, was produced in apparently similar quantities by NIH cells transformed by Eco RI fragments of RSV DNA and by intact RSV DNA. Thus expression of the src gene of RSV in NIH cells transformed by subgenomic fragments of RSV DNA did not require the terminal sequences of the RSV genome, which appear to be involved in synthesis and processing of src mRNA in RSV-infected cells. DNAs of NIH cells transformed by Eco RI-digested RSV DNA were found to induce transformation in secondary transfection assays with efficiencies that were similar to the efficiency of transformation by intact RSV DNA. These results suggest that transformation by subgenomic fragments of RSV DNA may be a consequence of integration of src gene-containing DNA fragments in the vicinity of a promoter site in the recipient cell genome, leading to efficient expression of the RSV src gene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)