Transduction of CD34+ and CD34-/lin- hemopoietic progenitors by lentivirus vectors

K. Moriwaki, R. E. Sutton, M. Perez, Malcolm Brenner, Helen Heslop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: While hemopoietic stem cells have been thought to reside predominantly in the CD34+ population, recent data suggests that repopulating cells may, in fact, also reside in the lin-/CD34- population. Transduction of both these populations by murine retroviral vectors is limited by quiescence of hemopoietic stem cells. Methods: We therefore sought to transduce these populations using a VSV-G pseudotyped, HIV-based, human lentiviral vector, encoding eGFP. CD34+ cells and lin-/CD34- cells were selected from the same BM samples by immunomagnetic beads (StemSep) to deplete lineage-positive cells and by CD34 selection columns (Miltenyi) to separate CD34+ and CD34- populations. We transduced target cells, with or without prestimulation with cytokines, using conventional suspension culture, or fibronectin plates, or flow-through transduction. Transduction efficiency was analyzed by flow cytometry and clonogenic assay. Results: We found that transduction on fibronectin plates was more efficient than flow-through transduction, or suspension cultures, for both cell populations. Mean transduction rates on fibronectin plates, analyzed by flow cytometry, were 14% and 5% for CD34+ cells and lin-/CD34- cells respectively, without prestimulation, and 31% and 20% with prestimulation. By contrast, a murine retroviral vector transduces CD34+ cells with lower efficiency (mean 16.1% with prestimulation) and does not induce any significant transduction of the CD34-/lin- population (mean < 2%). When lentiviral transduction was assayed in short- and long-term clonogenic assays there was minimal transduction of CD34 cells without prestimulation, increasing to 20% with prestimulation. Discussion: Lentiviral eGFP vectors can transduce hematopoietic progenitors effectively and efficiency is improved by cytokine prestimulation and the use of fibronectin. Moreover, the human viral vectors can transduce a candidate stem-cell population that is resistant to murine retroviral transduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-438
Number of pages6
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1999


  • CD34
  • Gene therapy
  • Hemopoietic stem cell
  • Lentiviral vector
  • lin/CD34

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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