The onset of the sexually dimorphic pattern of GH secretion and increased hepatic GH-binding capacity in rats at puberty is temporally correlated with the developmental induction of three hepatic cytochrome P-450s with steroid hydroxylase activity, P-450 IIC11, P-450 IIC12, and P-450 IIC13, and one cytochrome P-450 with vitamin A hydroxylase activity, P-450 IIC7. In this study we demonstrate that expression of the 2C11, 2C12, and 2C13 genes is modulated by GH at the level of transcriptional initiation both in vivo and in primary cultures of adult hepatocytes. In an effort to define the minimum sequence responsible for the inductive effects of GH, we have analyzed the ability of a 0.7-kilobase fragment isolated from the 5′-flank of the 2C12 gene, including the natural promoter, to drive transcription of a 320-basepair G-less cassette in vitro. We were unable to detect any substantial difference in RNA polymerase-II-dependent transcriptional efficiency toward the 2C12 promoter between liver nuclear extracts from normal and hypophysectomized rats of both sexes. This observation supports the assumption that the sequence information contained between bases -700 and 1 is sufficient to support basal transcription of the 2C12 gene. Sequence information residing 5′ or 3′ of the 0.7-kilobase 5′-flank or a higher ordered chromatin structure may be necessary for the sex-specific transcriptional activation of the 2C12 gene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology