Transcription regulation and membrane stress management in enterobacterial pathogens

Nan Zhang, Goran Jovanovic, Christopher McDonald, Oscar Ces, Xiaodong Zhang, Martin Buck

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transcription regulation in a temporal and conditional manner underpins the lifecycle of enterobacterial pathogens. Upon exposure to a wide array of environmental cues, these pathogens modulate their gene expression via the RNA polymerase and associated sigma factors. Different sigma factors, either involved in general ‘house-keeping’ or specific responses, guide the RNA polymerase to their cognate promoter DNAs. The major alternative sigma54 factor when activated helps pathogens manage stresses and proliferate in their ecological niches. In this chapter, we review the function and regulation of the sigma54-dependent Phage shock protein (Psp) system—a major stress response when Gram-negative pathogens encounter damages to their inner membranes. We discuss the recent development on mechanisms of gene regulation, signal transduction and stress mitigation in light of different biophysical and biochemical approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages207-230
Number of pages24
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume915
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019

Keywords

  • Membrane stress
  • Psp
  • RNA polymerase
  • Sigma factors
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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