Toxicological significance of non‐, mono‐ and di‐ortho‐substituted polychlorinated biphenyls in oysters from galveston and tampa bays

Jose L. Sericano, Terry L. Wade, James M. Brooks, Stephen H. Safe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Concentrations of non ortho (77, 126, and 169), mono‐ortho (105 and 118) and di‐ortho (128 and 138) substituted PCB congeners were measured in oysters from Galveston and Tampa bays, and reported toxic equivalent factors were used to assess their toxicity Most of the relative toxicity encountered in the oysters analyzed during this study was due to the presence of planar non‐ortho‐PCBs (53 8–94 3%), particularly congener 126 In contrast, the contribution of di‐ortho‐substituted PCB congeners to the total relative toxicity of the samples was negligible (<1%) On average, the contribution of each of these non, mono, and di ortho substituted PCB congeners to the total toxicity encountered in oysters from Galveston and Tampa bays were 126 > 118 ≥ 169 ≥ 105 > 77 » 138 > 128 and 126 > 118 > 169 ≥ 77 > 105 » 138 > 128, respectively Based on the reported lower clearance rates of non ortho and mono ortho‐substituted PCB congeners compared to other congeners within the same chlorination level, contaminated oysters that are depurated in clean environments will lower their total PCB concentrations, but their original toxicity may not be proportionally reduced

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1797-1803
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Depuration
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Oysters
  • PCBs
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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