Toxicity of manufactured nanomaterials

Yaping Liu, Shuang Zhu, Zhanjun Gu, Chunying Chen, Yuliang Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Manufactured nanomaterials with unique properties have been extensively applied in various industrial, agricultural or medical fields. However, some of the properties have been identified to be closely related to nanomaterial toxicity. The “nano-paradox” has aroused concerns over the use and development of nanotechnology, which makes it difficult for regulatory agencies to regulate nanomaterials. The key to fulfilling proper nanomaterial regulation lies in the adequate understanding of the impact of nanomaterial properties on nano-bio interactions. To this end, we start the present work with a brief introduction to nano-bio interactions at different levels. Based on that, how key toxicity-associated properties of manufactured nanomaterials (i.e., size, shape, chemical composition, surface properties, biocorona formation, agglomeration and/or aggregation state, and biodegradability) impact their toxicokinetics, cellular uptake, trafficking and responses, and toxicity mechanisms is deeply explored. Moreover, advanced analytical methods for studying nano-bio interactions are introduced. Furthermore, the current regulatory and legislative frameworks for nanomaterial-containing products in different regions and/or countries are presented. Finally, we propose several challenges facing the nanotoxicology field and their possible solutions to shed light on the safety evaluation of nanomaterials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-48
Number of pages18
JournalParticuology
Volume69
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Analytical method
  • Manufactured nanomaterial
  • Nano-bio interaction
  • Nanomaterial property
  • Nanotoxicity
  • Regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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