Towards hierarchically organized scaffolds for bone substitutes from wood structures

A. Ruffini, S. Sprio, A. Tampieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The development of innovative ceramic scaffolds for bone substitution with superior biomechanical features and smart anisotropic performances was performed through chemical and physical transformations of natural hierarchic structures, as trees, shrubs, palms, etc. These final structures will be highly organized from the molecular to nano, micro and macro-scales, with extremely functional architectures able to constantly adapt to ever changing mechanical and biofunctional needs. This study reports the preliminary results of the ceramisation process: starting from suitable vegetal raw materials pyrolysed to produce carbon templates characterized by complex pore structure, then infiltrated by vapour phase calcium to produce calcium carbide and finally transformed into porous ceramic of calcium carbonate by multi-step thermic and hydrothermal treatment in controlled environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)959-962
Number of pages4
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Volume361-363 II
StatePublished - 2008


  • Bone substitute
  • Calcium carbide
  • Carbonation
  • Natural hierarchic structure
  • Pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)


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