Towards an implantable biochip for glucose and lactate monitoring using microdisc electrode arrays (MDEAs)

Abdur Rub Abdur Rahman, Gusphyl Justin, Anthony Guiseppi-Elie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


A complete electrochemical cell-on-a-chip that uses the MicroDisc Electrode Array (MDEA) working electrode (WE) design was evaluated for eventual intramuscular implantation for the continuous amperometric monitoring of glucose and lactate in an animal trauma model. The microfabricated ECC MDEA5037 comprises two discrete electrochemical cells-on-a-chip (ECCs), each with a reference, counter, and MDEA working electrode. Each MDEA comprises 37 microdiscs (diameter = 50 μm) arranged in a Hexagonal Closed Packed (HCP) arrangement with a center to center distance (d) of 100 μm. Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) and Electrical Impendence Spectroscopy (EIS) reveals that this device scales in its interfacial properties with a corresponding MDEA 050 device that comprises 5,184 microdiscs. Parallel development of miniaturized mixed-signal integrated electronics for wireless reprogramming, data acquisition and communication addresses the key issues involved in developing measurement electronics, AD/DA processing, power management and telemetry for implantable amperometric biosensors. A generalized electronics platform based on the Texas Instruments TI NC01101 chip has been developed that may be readily applied to many types of biotransducers with minor modifications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
JournalBiomedical Microdevices
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Biotransducers
  • Implantable biosensors
  • Integrated biochips
  • Microarrays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology


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