Toughening of bioceramic composites for bone regeneration

Zahid Abbas, Massimiliano Dapporto, Anna Tampieri, Simone Sprio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Bioceramics are widely considered as elective materials for the regeneration of bone tissue, due to their compositional mimicry with bone inorganic components. However, they are intrinsically brittle, which limits their capability to sustain multiple biomechanical loads, especially in the case of load-bearing bone districts. In the last decades, intense research has been dedicated to combining processes to enhance both the strength and toughness of bioceramics, leading to bioceramic composite scaffolds. This review summarizes the recent approaches to this purpose, particularly those addressed to limiting the propagation of cracks to prevent the sudden mechanical failure of bioceramic composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number259
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Volume5
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Bioceramics
  • Calcium phosphate
  • Carbon fibers
  • Mechanical properties
  • Mineralization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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