A patient with acute bacterial endocarditis in whom ischaemic contracture of the left ventricle (stone-heart syndrome) developed during aortic and mitral valve replacement had an emergency implantation of an intracorporeal partial artificial heart (an abdominal left-ventricular assist device or ALVAD). This device functioned as a total artificial heart for nearly 6 days, while a donor heart for transplantation was sought. The ALVAD was then removed, and the patient received allografts of a heart and a kidney. The transplanted heart functioned well, but the patient died 15 days later from gram-negative sepsis. There was no evidence of cardiac or renal allograft rejection.
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