Toll-like receptor 11 (TLR11) prevents Salmonella penetration into the murine Peyer patches

Zhongcheng Shi, Zhenyu Cai, Jingcui Yu, Tingting Zhang, Shu Zhao, Emanuel Smeds, Qingyuan Zhang, Fen Wang, Changhong Zhao, Songbin Fu, Sankar Ghosh, Dekai Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key molecular sensors used by the mammalian innate immune system to detect microorganisms. Although TLR functions in colonic immune homeostasis and tolerance to commensal bacteria have been intensively researched, the precise roles of different TLRs in response to pathogen infection in the gut remain elusive. Peyer patches are the major entrance of Salmonella infection and antigen transportation in intestine. Here, we report that, in contrast to TLR5 as a "carrier of Salmonella," TLR11 works as a "blocker of Salmonella"to prevent highly invasive Salmonella from penetrating into the murine Peyer patches and spreading systemically. TLR11 plays an important role in mediating TNF-α induction and systemic inflammation in response to Salmonella infection. Remarkably, in mice lacking TLR11, apparent hemorrhages at Peyer patches are induced by highly invasive Salmonella, a phenotype resembling human Salmonella infection. Therefore, our results indicate a potentially important role for TLR11 in preventing murine intestinal infection and modulating antigen transportation in the gut and imply an important role for various TLRs in cooperation with tight control of pathogens penetrating into Peyer patches. The TLR11 knock-out mouse can serve as a good animal model to study Salmonella infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43417-43423
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number52
StatePublished - Dec 21 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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